Product Types Wonder: Combination skin care products in Malaysia

Product Types Wonder: Combination skin care products in Malaysia

By Sia Fung | March 14, 2019

There are a lot of different types of skincare product out there, and there is no way to craft the right routine for yourself if you don’t know what these products do. Till now, if you are still scratching your head wondering what the difference between them and how to use them, it will not be too late to understand your skincare products and the right routine to use them.

Product Types Wonder: Combination skin care products in Malaysia

  1. Cleanser

Most dermatologists and pharmacists agree it is important to cleanse the face twice daily to get bacteria, dirt and pollutants off your skin. However, there are different types of cleansers that are more ideal for certain types of skin.

According to Dr. Lolis, one of the well-known dermatologists in US, the common mistakes people make are using the same product in the morning and at night and not getting a product that is ideal for their skin type. For example, someone prone to breakouts may use a cleanser with salicylic acid only to find it has a reverse effect. When skin is dried out, it increases oil production, which can only make a breakout more prevalent. Therefore, it may not be a good idea to overdo the daily cleansing routine with this type of cleanser only. Always remember, to use the right pH toner and the right moisturizer to restore your skin healthy acid mantle and moist.

  1. Exfoliator 

Have you wondered what the difference between exfoliator and facial scrub is? In facts, there is no difference between a scrub and an exfoliator. They are both the same, referring to the products that function of removing dead skin cells off the surface of the skin.

Exfoliating is important, as it helps to give your skin a glow, and it should be done once or twice a week. There are two types of exfoliation: mechanical (scrubbing) and chemical (peeling).

A scrub exfoliates the skin mechanically by means of friction, thanks to the abrasive particles that it contains (micro-grains of sugar, salt, bicarbonate, etc.). When rubbed against your skin, these particles polish its surface.

A scrub is ideal for:

  • deep cleaning of your face
  • removing blackheads from your skin
  • toning your face by reactivating the skin’s microcirculation

A peel, on the other hand, exfoliates the skin chemically by means of its active ingredients. It consists of fruit acids or enzymes that dissolve dead cells.

A peel is ideal for:

  • deep cleaning of your face
  • unclogging pores
  • smoothing and softening your skin

Take an example, if you have oily skin and breakouts, try one with charcoal. In the case of sensitive, dry or acne-prone skin, we recommend going for a peel rather than a more abrasive scrub. You should not overuse exfoliation as you risk damaging the hydrolipidic film that protects the epidermis or provoking an acne outbreak (caused by the skin reacting to an excess of sebum). To ensure peace of mind with your beauty routine, exfoliate your skin no more than once or twice a week. But, avoid exfoliator containing glycolic, salicylic or lactic acids  if you are prone to rosacea and eczema.

It is important to give your face a good wash beforehand. Exfoliator works best when used on clean, damp skin. With a scrub, friction is the key. Gently rub your skin by making small circular motions with the tips of your fingers. In the case of a peel, you should leave it on for a few minutes to give it time to act, as indicated in the instructions. Avoid sensitive areas such as the contours of your eyes, and once you’re done, rinse your face thoroughly then gently sponge it dry with a clean towel. After exfoliating, it’s essential to hydrate your skin properly. You should apply a moisturizer or, even better, use a mask. Along with hydrating your skin, this will protect it from external aggressors by tightening the pores.

  1. Toner

Toner can be used after a cleanser twice a day to remove excess traces of makeup or other residue from the skin. Toners shrink pores and restore skin to its natural pH balance. This is important because when our pH levels are thrown out of whack due to soaps and chemicals in cleansers, oil production increases, causing a cycle of breakouts. Those with sensitive skin should use an alcohol-free toner.

  1. Serum

You are not alone in having no earthly idea what a serum is. Serum is a skincare product you can apply to your skin after cleansing but before moisturizing with the intent of delivering powerful ingredients directly into the skin. Serum is particularly suited to this task because it is made up of smaller molecules that can penetrate deeply into the skin and deliver a very high concentration of active ingredients, such as peptides and rice bran, which stimulate collagen production and antioxidants such as resveratrol, which help fight free radical damage. This makes them a great tool for targeting specific skincare concerns, like wrinkles and fine lines as well as even out the skin tone. Goodbye, signs of aging!

There are two types of serum in the market –water-based and oil-based serum. Water-based serums go under the cream and they are so important. They nourish the inner layer of the skin because the molecule is very small so it penetrates. The oil-based serums go on top of the moisturizer because they have a bigger molecule. They’re supposed to keep the cream and whatever you put underneath moist during the entire day.

What is about essence? In facts based on their routine application, serums and essences are very similar. However, they differ in texture; Serums are gooier and more concentrated, while essences are watered-down with a more fluid texture.

  1. Moisturizer

Why should everyone need to apply moisturizer? The answer is simple as your skin is the largest organ in the body. The skin tends to be dry due to water seeping from the inside of the body through the different layers of the skin and out into the atmosphere. Besides that, the exposure of the hot sun, sometimes with the drastic change of the weather accompanying with the environmental pollutants like haze, that we are facing in Malaysia now, have prompted us to take care of our skin, especially your facial skin so that you are not looking older than your peer. Why do I say so? It is because dryness and free radical due to the exposure of environmental pollutants lead to formation of fine lines and wrinkles. Not only those having dry or mature skin need moisturizer, those having normal or oily or acne prone skin or combination skin also need moisturizer.

There are many kinds of moisturizers available for different skin types, but if you really want to keep your skin hydrated, look for moisturizers that contain glycerin or hyaluronic acid, suggested by the US based dermatologist, Dr. Debra Jaliman. Moreover, moisturizers with anti-oxidants and soothing agents  are able to give double protection to your skin, especially in Malaysia whereby many of you often groan about the heat, the polluted air, dusts and even the dry air-conditioned room.

  1. Sunscreen

Whether it’s cold or hot, sunny or rainy, sunscreen is the one step you should never skip before heading outdoors for the day. Applying (and reapplying!) SPF protects your skin from the sun’s powerful UV rays, minimizing your risk of painful sunburn and skin cancer, and premature signs of aging, such as sun spots and wrinkles.

Important reminder: Sunscreen can expire, which makes it less effective. Even if last year’s bottle hasn’t hit its expiration date, that date is only valid if the product is stored in a cool, dry place, says board-certified dermatologist Lauren Ploch, MD, fellow of the American Academy of Dermatology. So, be prepared to pick up a fresh bottle for the warmer seasons ahead.

How to choose (and use) the best sunscreen for your skin

Look for broad spectrum on the label: This ensures your SPF protects against both harmful UVA and UVB rays. (UVA rays prematurely age skin and UVB rays burn; both can cause skin cancer.) Our experts recommend choosing SPF 30 or higher for daily use.

Go for water-resistant options: Even if you won’t be jumping in for a swim, a water-resistant sunscreen will stay on longer while you’re sweating. If you are doing extensive outdoor activity, choose an SPF of 50 or higher to ensure you stay protected, recommends Henry W Lim, immediate past president of the American Academy of Dermatology.

When in doubt, choose lotions: They’re easy to apply generously and evenly—which is key in order for them to work effectively. “Sprays are inconsistent; I find that no one puts sprays on heavy enough to reach the stated SPF level on the bottle,” Dr. Ploch says. Similarly, wipes don’t typically provide even, adequate coverage and stick sunscreens require at least four swipes on each area of the skin to get the job done.

Formula matters: Physical or mineral sunscreens (made with zinc oxide or titanium dioxide) sit on top of the skin and deflect UV rays, while chemical sunscreens (made with ingredients like oxybenzone or avobenzone) work by absorbing them. Both effectively protect the skin, but zinc oxide and titanium dioxide are the only two sunscreen ingredients currently “generally recognized as safe,” by the FDA, per a recent report.

That doesn’t mean chemical sunscreens are classified as dangerous, explains Meghan Feely, MD, a board-certified dermatologist in New Jersey and New York City who serves as a clinical instructor at Mount Sinai. It just means that the FDA needs to collect more data to ensure the rest of the ingredients meet their safety standards.

However, if your skin is sensitive, mineral sunscreens are typically your best bet, says Ramsey Markus, MD, a board-certified dermatologist at Westside Dermatology. Plus, they’re a great option if you prefer a more “natural” product (they’re reef-safe!). “All that said, there is no denying that the chemical sunscreens are more transparent, which sometimes trumps everything. It’s really a personal choice more than anything,” he says.

  1. Face Mask

There are many different types of masks on the market, ranging from hydrating, to drying and even brightening, which makes them useful for all skin types. Application of face mask is suggested to be done weekly as you will see a change to skin, and breakouts will have a chance to dry up and heal. Remember! Apply a mask to clean, exfoliated skin so there isn’t anything blocking it from penetrating the skin.

  1. Eye Cream

Eye creams tend to be formulated for specific eye area issues such as puffiness, wrinkles and dark circles. “There are some creams that tackle several issues at once, and these contain things like caffeine, glycerine, chamomile, hyaluronic acid, antioxidants and peptides,” says Dr. Lolis. “Eye creams are specially formulated to penetrate the finer skin around the eyes.” They can be used once or twice a day, but look for retinol or peptide eye creams to use at night, as they stimulate collagen production, suggests Dr. Jaliman.

Tags · chemical peel · cleanser · exfoliation · eye creams and treatments · face oils · face serums · moisturizer · sunscreen · toners and mists

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